Several years ago I read a book about the mysteries of North America. In that book the author talked of many things, which included the Temples of Mexico and Central America, the various types of mounds across the face of the US, and the disappearance of entire tribes of people who once lived in America. It also had things in it such as Woodhenge and even a section on the possibility of the Vikings exploring deep into the heartland of America.
I can't remember the name of the book, but it was interesting none-the-less. It was especially interesting because the author made it a point to say that he was not saying any or all of the things he mentioned were true facts, but he also wasn't denying the existance of anything he said. His point to the book was to just state these stories he told (and I guess making money played a part), :)
One of the stories he related was about a race of "Indians" which disappeared sometime between 1200 and 1400 AD. These Indians were on the average of abour 7' Tall, had Red Hair, and fair of skin. He referred to them as Indians because it was not "fashionable" to believe anyone stepped foot on American Soil before Columbus discovered it in 1492. The idea that the Vikings landed aroun Marth's Vinyard around the year 1000 was casually mentioned and then the lessons about Columbus continued.
The name given to these Indians were "The Allegheny", and this I remembered because I lived in Allegheny County at the time and thought it interesting that "Our" County was named after a race of Indians which were displaced before the Spaniards sent Columbus to America. Information on the Allegheny Indians was sporadic, at best. Some sources attributed the name to a tribe of Indians, yet other sources tended more to band several tribes into the "Tribes of the Alleghenies" (which some people shortened to "The Alleghenies". However, the sources which seemed the best stated the Alleghenies was an Indian Tribe which was "displaced" in some manner, either due to Willing or Forced Migration.
But I digress :)...
The "Giants", which I will refer to these Giant, red=haired Indians, seemingly migrated through Ohio and Iowa. There seemed to be a split because some seemed to go north towards Minnesota, and others went south (through Missouri and Kansas). It also seemed they were builders, for they seemed to appear in places that Mounds are found. At least they did until they got into the American Southwest.
Once they arrived in the American Southwest, they ran into real trouble.. which could be the reason for their disappearance... however some believe the South-western Indian Tribes of the time forced these "Giants" to turn north and go into Idaho and Oregon.
Whatever happened to these Giants, they effectively disappeared, but this is not unique. Other "Tribes" of people have disappeared into history. In some cases it is theorized that the tribes were just assimilated into other races and cultures, Perhaps that is what happened to these "Giants".
One must remember when reading this is that this information came out of a book written several years ago. I probably read the book in the late 60s or early 70s... and the book had to be a library book for that is where all but the school books I read came from. It is feasable that book was written in the 50s, 40s or even the 30s. A lot of information has been found since then and a lot of theories have been revised. Still, in all, it is an interesting story. :)
On this page I will post some references about Giant, Red-haired "Indians".
This article was found at the
Kossuth: October was a month of some excitement in scientific circles as seven strange and gigantic mummies were discovered just outside of Kossuth Center. Marvin Rainwater, a local farmer, had been digging a new well on his property and struck a deposit of very hard stone about nine feet below the topsoil. In attempting to dig it out, he found that it was more than four feet wide in every direction. Removing it would be a terrific chore. He considered the possibility that this was a layer of bedrock, but that would certainly be odd that close to the surface. Further, being somewhat familiar with geologic deposits, he knew that the stone was not the familiar limestone for which such Eastern Iowa areas like Stone City are famous. This was something else entirely. Upon close inspection Rainwater also saw that the stone was not as rough as might be expected in a natural formation, but was in fact smooth and polished.
Now very curious as to the nature of the find, he called several friends from surrounding farms and they began an excavation. They discovered that it was not a single stone, but rather one of at least several irregularly cut slabs stretching out over a wide area, yet fitted so tightly together that not even a knife blade could be put between them. Each slab measured roughly 8'x10', and when struck with a sledge seemed to ring with a hollowness that might indicate this was not a floor but the outside portion of a ceiling. Rainwater wondered if he had not stumbled upon some sort of buried stone structure on his property. Believing that there might be a way to parlay living other than farming if he played his cards right, Mr. Rainwater contacted Georg Von Podebrad College, who in turn dispatched a team of archeologists, anthropologists, and geologists to the site.
The researchers were delighted with the anomalies presented them. Firstly, the stone was not at all native to Iowa, but was in fact basalt-a hard, dense volcanic rock composed of plagioclase, augite, and magnetite. The type of stone used by the Egyptians to build their massive monuments. The depth of the slabs indicated that they had been there for a very long time, predating the advent of the kind of modern transportation and heavy machinery needed to bring such a large quantity of foreign stone to Iowa, and quite probably the slabs had been laid down before the last glacial age. It is impossible to gauge with any certainty just how long they had been there.
After the soil covering the slabs had been entirely removed, the area covered by the stones was a perfect square measuring 188 feet on each side. Digging around the perimeter revealed that Rainwater had been correct, the structure did go deeper into the ground. The cyclopean structure was revealed to be a pyramid similar in shape to one located at Marietta, Ohio, although those mounds and monuments erected by the prehistoric Indians were made of sun dried brick mixed with rushes. This technique, too, is curiously similar to the Egyptian technique of brick making with straw and mud.
It took many months, but the entire structure was finally exposed, and on the eastern side was found a massive filled in archway with strong resemblance to those of ancient Greece. At the bottom of the arch was a smaller arch, measuring only 6' to the capstone. This too had been filled in and blocked off. With genuine awe and some hesitancy the scientists of the Rainwater Site began the work of opening the smaller entryway, wondering what secrets lay within.
When the light from the first torch penetrated the gloom of the ancient structure, Albert Grosslockner gasped at what he thought were seven huge and exquisitely detailed statues seated in a ring around a very large and deep fire pit. Moving closer, he realized that the figures were not carved of stone, but were in fact the mummified remains of some giant humanoid race. Could what they found be in fact a prehistoric burial vault for some pre-human creatures or was it a prison designed to hold some freakish aberration of nature? The figures, were each fully ten feet tall even when measured seated in their cross-legged positions. They all faced into the circle with arms folded across their legs. Upon close examination it was seen that they had double rows of teeth in their upper and lower jaws. The foreheads were unusually low and sloping, with exceedingly prominent brows. The skin of the mysterious giants was wrinkled and tough, as though tanned, and the hair of each of them was distinctly red in color. Their faces, still very expressive even in death, taunted the scientists with their silence. Who, or what, were these creatures, how had they come to be locked in this stone room, and where had the stone itself come from originally?
After careful excavation of the site, the bodies were removed for x-ray and autopsy examination. The excitement over the find was far in excess of the "Gypsum Man" find in Iowa so many years before-a hoax from which the Putnam Museum of Davenport had never fully recovered from. These giants were very real. The medical examinations demonstrated that there was definite skeletal structure, that they were organic creatures who had once been very much alive.
One explanation for the mummies might lie in the legends of the Paiute Indians who tell of a race of red-haired giants who were their mortal enemies centuries ago. They were called the Si-Te-Cahs, driven from Nevada by a previously unheard of alliance of tribes. Did the Si-Te-Cahs retreat from the west to Iowa? Was the stone structure here before and simply co-opted by the giants? No one may ever know, however it is interesting to note that among the Indian relics held in the Kossuth County chapter of the State Historical Society are three robes made entirely from very long strands of red hair. We await DNA comparisons of samples taken from the mummies and the robes to determine a connection.
In the mean-time, Marvin Rainwater has had his farm purchased by interested parties in Hopkins Grove for an undisclosed sum, and is quite happily no longer toiling in his fields or digging wells.
Human skulls with horns were discovered in a burial mound at Sayre, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, in the 1880's. Horny projections extended two inches above the eye-brows, and the skeletons were seven feet tall, but other than that were anatomically normal. It was estimated they were buried around AD 1200. Some of the bones were sent to the American Investigating Museum in Philadelphia, where they seem to have disappeared.
In 1837, a number of tiny human skeletons from 3 to 4 1/2 feet tall were found buried in tiny wooden coffins near Coshocton, Ohio. There were no artifacts found, but the number of graves led one observer to note that they "must have been tennents of a considerable city."
Seven skeletons were found in a burial mound near Clearwater Minnesota, in 1888. They had double rows of teeth in the upper and lower jaws and had been buried in a sitting position, facing the lake. The foreheads were unusually low and sloping, with prominent brows.
In 1911, miners began digging guano from a cave 22 miles southwest of Lovelock, Nevada. Soon, a mummy was found, a 6 1/2 foot tall person with "distinctly red" hair. According to the ancient legends of the local Paiute Indians, a tribe of red-haired giants, the Si-te-cahs, were once the mortal enemy of the indians in the area, who had joined forces to drive the redheads out. Measuring the femurs of some of the skeletons recovered, researches decided that they belonged to people between 6 and 10 feet tall. Others, however, have stated that the tallest is no more than 5'11, which is still considerable height for the time and place, but hardly a giant. Also, they point out, taking a black-haired mummy from a dark cave often causes the hair to turn red. It is unclear if this happened in Lovelock or not.
The following quotes are from "Dr. Chatters on Kennewick Man" (http://www.runestone.org/kmchttrlec.html) by Stephen A. McNallen
"Spirit Cave Man (who is currently being claimed by the Paiutes), on the other hand, has a skull very much like that of Kennewick Man. He is described as most resembling a person from a "western Eurasian" population. I found this an interesting phrase; just what would you call the western part of Eurasia? Might it not simply be...Europe? To top it off, Spirit Cave Man displays mitochondria X, connecting him with the people of Europe and the Middle East."